The current study aims to evaluate the effect of Iraqi sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus) on the toxicity of lead acetate in wild pigeons Rock Doves (Columba livia gaddi) on body weight and certain hematological and biochemical parameters. Forty healthy adults of both sexes Rock Dove pigeons were randomly selected and categorized into four groups, A,B,C, and D. Group A (control group), were fed on a balanced ration, group B, were administered lead acetate 72 mg/kg body weight orally, group C orally administered with an aqueous extract of Iraqi sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus
) 300 mg/kg body weight, and group D were orally administered with 72 mg/kg body weight of lead acetate and 300 mg/kg body weight of the aqueous extract of Iraqi sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus
). These materials were administered daily and for the whole study period which extended to 28 days. Results showed that lead acetate alone caused significant decrease (P≤ 0.05) in the body weight, hemoglobin concentration, total erythrocyte count, PCV% and triglycerides, while there were a significant increase (P≤ 0.05) in total leukocyte count, heterophils, monocytes, lymphocytes, glucose, uric acid, and AST and ALT activities. On the other hand, combined treatment with Iraqi sweet almond and lead acetate to members of group (D) caused significant increase (P≤ 0.05) in hemoglobin, total erythrocyte count, PCV% and lymphocytes, and significant decrease (P≤ 0.05) in cholesterol and uric acid, while no significant differences in triglyceride and AST and ALT activities. The present finding concludes that adding of Iraqi sweet almond has significant effects on certain hematological and biochemical properties of Rock Dove pigeons (Columba livia gaddi
) affected by administering lead.